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GOI Schemes

NATIONAL MISSION ON MEDICINAL PLANTS

Indian exports of Medicinal Plants and Herbs are mostly in the form of raw herbs and extracts and account for almost 60-70% of the current exports of herbal/ AYUSH Products. Increasing concerns of unsustainable collection from the wild, disappearance of certain species on the one hand and concerns of quality and standardization on the office make it imperative to promote cultivation of species critical to AYUSH systems of medicine. More than 95% of the AYUSH products being plants based the raw material base needs to be shifted from forests to the cultivated source for its long time sustainability.

Indian share of the world herbal trade is less than 1%even here, the exports of herbal products is largely in the form of raw herbs. It is for this reason that the scheme provide for support to valued addition and processing linked to the clusters of cultivation of selected plants that are in demand by the ASYUSH industry and export.

NATIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS BOARD:

The National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) was set up on 24th November 2000 under the Chairmanship of Union Health and Family Welfare Minister. The objective of establishing the board was to establish an agency which would be responsible for coordination of all matters relating to medicinal plants including drawing of policies and strategies for conservation, proper harvesting, Cost effective cultivation , research and development, processing marketing of raw material in order to promote and develop this sector.

The National Medicinal Plants Board has been implementing a Central sector scheme of setting up medicinal plants board during the 10th plan. During the 11th plant, the central sector has been modified to give focus on promotional activities like resource documentation in-situ conservation research and development, ex-situ conversation of rare and endangered species, support to value addition /warehousing, capacity building etc., The scheme renamed as Centrally Sponsored scheme of National Mission on Medicinal Plants (NMMP)

The scheme is proposed to be implemented in a mission mode to organically linked different components under this scheme and thus give a strategic push to the sector during the 11th plan. The mission objectives are supporting to cultivation of medicinal plants by integrating medicinal plants in the forming system offer an option on crop diversification and enhanced the income of farmers.

Cultivation following the Good Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACPs) to promote standardization and quality assurance and thereby enhanced acceptability of the AYUSH systems globally and increase exports of value added items like herbal extracts, phyto-chemicals, dietary supplement, cosmeceuticals and AYUSH products.

Support setting up processing zones, warehousing, value addition and marketing and development of infrastructure.

Implement and support, certification and mechanism for quality standards GAP, good collection practices, good storage practices.

Promote partnership convergence and synergy among stake holders

At the State level, a Statelevel Steering Committee have been formed headed by the Agricultural Production Commissioner and the Member Secretary as the State Mission Director. The Members of the Committee are : the respective Department Secretaries to Government viz. Health/AYUSH, Horticulture/Agriculture, Industries, representative from NMPB, representative from Central Government Institutions/Facilitation Centres, PCCF, Domine experts in the field of Medicinal Plants etc.,

The Steering Committee is responsible for approving the perspective Annual Action Plan with the technical support group at the State Level with Members from State Agrl.Universities, Facilitation Centres, ICAR, ICFRE, CSIR Institutions and other experts in the field to oversee its implementation.

The Mission interventions are:

1. Support cultivation of Medicinal Plants.
2. Supporting Model Nurseries/Small Nurseries
3. Support for Medicinal Plants Processing and Post Harvest Management including Marketing.
4. Capacity Building.

In Tamilnadu, this NMMP Scheme is being implemented with 100% Government of India assistance since 2008-09. The TANHODA is the registered body headed by the Chairman/Agrl.production Commissioner and the Managing Director which receives funds from Government of India and allocate to the different districts for implementation. In TANHODA, this scheme works has been assigned to the General Manager in the Joint Director of Horticulture cadre who is already incharge of Micro Irrigation Scheme. Similarly, one Assistant General Manger (NBM) has been given incharge for this NMMP Scheme.

The details of funds released from Government of India is as below:

Sl.No.YearPHYSICAL(in Ha.)FINANCIAL (Rs.inLakhs)

 

 

Target

Achmt.

Target

Achmt.

1.

2008-09

3045

3909.676

682.875

682.249

2.

2009-10

3940

1416.25

300.00

299.587

3.

2010-11

4111

3608

834.00

803.86

4.

2011-12

3774

3774

918.753

918.753

5.

2012-13

5855

 

967.50

 


NATIONAL BAMBOO MISSION

BAMBOO STATUS IN TAMIL NADU

Bamboo is an enduring versatile and highly renewable resource. It is the world’s fastest and strongest growing woody plants having a growth rate of upto 100cms per day. This plant recorded 1500 uses from food, fodder, fuel wood and housing materials to a wide range of value additions and industrial activities both in rural and urban areas. Bamboo may be grown not only for its utility, its carbon sequestration nature will protect the environment.

Bamboo crop is considered to be a forest crop, in Tamil Nadu. Efforts have been made with National Bamboo Mission to raise in non forest area. Accordingly, the National Bamboo Mission Scheme is in operation in about 26 districts of this State.

Area under Bamboo was meager in non forest area. After implementation of the National Bamboo Mission, the area brought under Bamboo is detailed below:

AREA OF BAMBOO CROP IN TAMIL NADU

S.NoYearBamboo Area ( in Hect.)

1.

2006-07

268

2.

2007-08

887

3.

2008-09

1238

4.

2009-10

1562

5.

2010-11

2318

By implementing National Bamboo Mission in Tamil Nadu, about 3000 farmers have been trained and the field officials have also been provided with training on Bamboo cultivation and Bamboo product uses.

Though, the Bamboo product has more than 1500 uses, in Tamil Nadu the major uses of Bamboo are as wooden poles, ladder making, bamboo thatti making etc., There is no proper market for this commodity. At present, it has been proposed to give training to the Village Bamboo Craft Artisans to make aesthetic and valuable Bamboo crafts. By encouraging Bamboo crafts, farmer may get higher income for their produce.

At present, Corporate sectors are coming forward to make dense bamboo plantation for its bio-mass which will have more colorific value in bio-energy production.

The funds released in Tamil Nadu for implementing National Bamboo Mission scheme is as follows:

S.No,YearFunds releasedFunds utilisedRemarks

1.

2007-08

258.32

258.32

 

2.

2008-09

149.59

146.59

 

3.

2009-10

--

--

 

4.

2010-11

40.00

40.00

Released on 1.4.2011

5.

2011-12

--

--

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